December 04, 2019


  1. Joint Military Exercise ‘Surya Kiran’ Begins
  • The ‘Surya Kiran’ military exercise between India and Nepal has started on December 03. It will conclude on 16 December 2019.
  • This year about 300 soldiers from the armies of India and Nepal will participate in the ‘Surya Kiran’ exercise.
  • The armies of both countries will share counter-insurgency strategies with each other. In addition, both armies will also work together on humanitarian aid missions.
  1. launched Independent Directors Databank portal
  • The government has introduced the Independent Director’s Databank. It was launched by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.
  • It has commanded that all the existing independent directors should register themselves in the databank within three months from 1 December 2019.
  • Independent Director’s Databank Portal: The databank portal was developed and maintained by the Indian Institute for Corporate Affairs (IICA).
  1. Law Ministry launched a drive on fundamental duties
  • The Department of Justice (DOJ) has launched a programme to create awareness of their fundamental duties among the citizens.
  • The year-long drive is a part of the celebrations of the 70th anniversary of Constitution Day that was celebrated on 26 November.
  • Drive on fundamental duties: The department will conduct activities such as online quizzes, essay competitions, and preamble pledge signing contest.


  1. Punjab to create land banks in rural areas to boost industrial development
  • The Punjab Cabinet gave in-principle approval to amend the Punjab Village Common Land (Regulation) Rules, 1964, to create land banks in rural areas to boost industrial development.
  • The new rule would pave the way for transfer of ‘Shamlat’ land for industrial projects to the industry department and state-owned Punjab Small Industries & Export Corporation (PSIEC)
  • Shamlat land is one that does not come under habitation and cultivation and is considered as consolidated land holdings for common use
  1. Kerala mandates helmets for pillion riders
  • Kerala State government implemented the High Court directives of making helmets mandatory for pillion riders.
  • Transport Commissioner of the State has directed strict checking of vehicles.


♦ In the initial phase, the police will warn the pillion riders to wear a helmet before levying the fine.

♦ Police of the State will check the vehicles to ensure that the two-wheeler riders are adhering to the new directives.


  1. Australia rolls out mobile phone detection cameras
  • Australia has rolled out the ‘world’s first mobile phone detection cameras to prevent road accidents caused by mobile phones.
  • The government estimates that about 158 people died due to the use of mobile phones in New South Wales while driving during the period of 2012-2018.
  • This camera is based on artificial intelligence and it is capable of working day and night in all seasons.
  1. Putin, Xi oversee launch of gas pipeline
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping have overseen the launch of a pipeline to take natural gas from Siberia to northeast China, an economic and political boost to ties between Moscow and Beijing.
  • The move cements China’s spot as Russia’s top export market and gives Russia a potentially enormous new market outside Europe.
  • It also comes as Moscow is hoping to launch two other major energy projects — the Nord Steam 2 undersea Baltic gas pipeline to Germany and the TurkStream pipeline to Turkey and southern Europe.
  • The 3000-km-long Power of Siberia pipeline will transport gas from the Chayandinskoye and Kovytka fields in eastern Siberia, a project expected to last for three decades and to generate $US400 billion ($A591 billion) for Russian state coffers.

Business & Economy

  1. Mobile calls, internet charges become 50% costlier
  • Mobile calls and the Internet will now become 50 percent costlier in the country. Private telecom operators Bharti Airtel, Vodafone Idea and Jio have announced new plans.
  • The new rates of Airtel and Vodafone-Idea will be effective from 3 December, while the new rates of Jio will become effective from 6 December.
  • It can also affect the commencement of 5G services in India as companies have asked the government to reduce the spectrum rates.


  1. Lionel Messi claims record 6th Ballon d’Or, overtakes Cristiano Ronaldo
  • Lionel Messi claimed a record sixth Ballon d’Or award, beating Liverpool’s leading nominees and Cristiano Ronaldo to lift football’s most prestigious individual trophy.
  • The Argentine, who won the Liga title with Barcelona but only managed third place in the Copa America with his country, added to his 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2015 trophies.

Appointment & Resignation

  1. Prithviraj Singh becomes President of Mauritius
  • The members of Mauritius Parliament have selected Prithviraj Singh Rupan as the President of Mauritius. It is mostly a formal post in the country.
  • Earlier, Rupan was the Art and Culture Minister of Mauritius. He is an advocate by profession and selected in National Assembly for the first time in 2000.
  • The Prime Minister is the head of the government and keeps the most political powers while the President is the head of the state but considered as the guardian of the Constitution.
  1. Masatsugu Asakawa elected 10th President of ADB
  • Masatsugu Asakawa has been unanimously elected President of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) by its Board of Governors.
  • Asakawa currently Special Advisor to Japan’s Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, will assume office as ADB’s 10th President on 17 January 2020.
  • He will succeed Takehiko Nakao, who will leave office on 16 January 2020. Mr. Asakawa will finish the unexpired term of President Nakao, which ends on 23 November 2021.
  1. Ursula took charge as the President of European Commission
  • Ursula von der Leyen took charge as the President of the European Commission.
  • She replaced Jean-Claude Juncker. She is the first woman to become the President of the European Commission.
  • Ursula: Ms.Ursula, the 60-year-old gynecologist, started her political career at her early age of 40.
  • In 1990 she joined Angela Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union party (CDU) and worked for 14 years.
  • Leyen moved to the Labor Ministry in 2009.

Award & Honors

  1. Tony Joseph wins the Shakti Bhatt First Book Prize 2019
  • Author Tony Joseph was declared the winner of the Shakti Bhatt First Book Prize 2019for his book Early Indians: The Story of Our Ancestors and Where We Came From.
  • The award, which came into being in 2008, includes a cash prize of Rs 2 lakh and a trophy.
  • Early Indianstells the story of the people of South Asia through research in six disciplines, including path-breaking new DNA evidence,” the foundation
February 7, 2020

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