December 13, 2019

National

  1. Social Security Code Bill introduced in Lok Sabha
  • The Social Security Code bill was recently introduced in the Lok Sabha. It has a provision for the establishment of social security for all.
  • A separate fund will be established for social security in the country through this bill. The workers will get the facility of medical cover, pension, and disability, etc.
  • It will also allow the employees to decrease their contribution in the provident fund which is currently 12 percent.
  1. President Ram Nath Kovind extends ILP regime to Manipur
  • Ram Nath Kovind, President of India signed an order to extend the Inner Line Permit (ILP) regime to Manipur.
  • The decision was taken after the announcement of the extension of the ILP to Northeastern state by Amit Shah, Minister of Home Affairs (MHA) in Lok Sabha.
  • Manipur is the fourth state to have the ILP after Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Mizoram. Other state citizens require ILP to visit these states in terms of Section 2 of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations, 1873.
  • The extension will exclude the state from the provisions of the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019, the bill has been cleared after receiving nod from Rajya Sabha.
  • ILP is an official travel document issued by the Government of India to allow the inward citizens to travel into a protected area for a limited period of time.
  • The document is an initiative taken by the Indian Government to regulate movements to areas located in the international border of India.
  • The bill to implement ILP in Manipur was introduced in 2018 by the Government of Manipur, and was approved on 10 December 2019.

State

  1. Puducherry Govt introduces Rs 10 crore Innovation & Startup Policy 2019
  • The Government of Puducherry launched a Start-up policy to create a corpus fund of Rs. 10 crore to support start-up incubators and to develop co-working spaces.
  • The policy was launched by M.O.H.F Shahjahan, Minister for Industries. The Puducherry Start-up Cell, will be the nodal agency for implementing the policy and will facilitate filing of patents, trademarks and designs.
  • As per the policy, the Government has planned to allocate Rs.3 lakh to projects recommended by incubators established by the government/private sector/academic institutions as a start-up grant.
  1. Andhra Pradesh cabinet approves Disha bill, 2019 to dispose of crimes against women in 21 days
  • The Andhra Pradesh (AP) state Cabinet chaired by chief minister (CM), Yeduguri Sandinti (YS) Jagan Mohan Reddy, has approved the A.P. Disha Bill, 2019 that makes it mandatory to settle cases of atrocities against women in 21 days and punishment including a death penalty for the offences of rape and gang-rape.
  • The new has been named the Andhra Pradesh Disha Act Criminal Law (AP Amendment) Act, 2019.
  • The amended law mandates the completion of investigation in 7 days and subsequent court trial in the next 14 days so that the sentence can be given within 21 days. The current law gives 4 months to go to trial in such cases.
  • New Provision:The bill amended provisions in the Indian Penal Code (IPC), 1860, and the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, and Sections 354-E and 354-F in the IPC have also been created to deal with harassment of women via social media,digital mode & molestation /sexual assault of children respectively.
  • The cabinet also approved to set up special courts under “A.P. Special Court for Specified Offences against Women and Children Bill, 2019” to prosecute cases of atrocities against women and children like gang-rape, acid attacks, stalking, voyeurism, sexual harassment and cases under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.

International

  1. Bougainville Referendum: Seeking Independence from Papua New Guinea
  • Bougainville, situated in the South Pacific, announced the result of a referendum on independence from Papua New Guinea to become a new country.
  • About 85 percent of the eligible people voted in this referendum. More than 1,81,000 votes were cast in the referendum.
  • This referendum is a result of the 2001 peace agreement. Bougainville is believed rich in natural resources, mainly in copper.

Sports

  1. Indian shooter Ravi kumar & Boxer Sumit sangwan fail dope tests
  • World Cup medal-winning rifle shooter Ravi Kumar (29) who failed the dope test conducted on July 19,2019, has been banned for 2 years by the National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA).
  • He was found positive in the banned substance Propranolol test.
  • Significantly, Indian boxer Sumit Sangwan (26) was also found positive in the dope test on consumption of banned substance, Acetazolamide.
  • This substance is included in Diuretics and masking agents under S5 of World Anti-Doping Agency’s (WADA) 2019 Prohibited List.
  • Ravi Kumar (from Meerut, Uttar Pradesh) has been a part of every major tournament and won the Bronze Medal in the World Cup and Commonwealth Games 2018.While,Sangwan (from Karnal, Haryana) won the silver medal in the 2017 Asian Championship and reached the quarter-finals of the 2016 World Championship.

Award & Honors

  1. Gurugram-based Startup, Blue Sky Analytics’ app ‘Zuri’ wins ‘Space Oscars 2019’
  • The Gurugram- based startup program has created an application called ‘Zuri’ that won the Copernicus Masters Award also called Space Oscars, under the social Entrepreneurship category.
  • The award was given by the Earth observation program managed by the European Commission (EU) in partnership with the European Space Agency (ESA).
  • The application was developed by Gurgaon-based startup Blue Sky Analytics.
  • The application uses satellite data to provide improved monitoring, supply chain and pricing analysis as well as allocation of crop waste to be used as raw materials in other industries.
  • The application includes an AI (Artificial Intelligence)- based tool to measure and monitor farm fires and stubble burning across India, million tons of crops are being burnt in India on farms to clear the field for new crops every winter, as a result releasing massive amounts of greenhouse gases which has led to increased level of pollution in New Delhi and other parts of the country.
  1. Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg (16) becomes youngest TIME’s Person of the Year for 2019
  • Greta Thunberg, 16 year old Swedish climate activist was named TIME’s Person of the Year for 2019, she is the youngest person to be honoured with the title in the 92 year history of TIME magazine.
  • The TIME’s Person of the Year for 2019 award is conferred since 1927, for a person or a group of people who create an impact on the important events taking place in the year, the selection is done by the editors of TIME magazine.
  • Greta Thunberg, was born in Stockholm, Sweden, she began a global movement in August 2018 creating a campaign outside the Parliament of Sweden called ‘Fridays for Future’, a global student movement pushing the government to take immediate action on climate change, by her active involvement she became the most compelling voice on the significant issue of Global Warming faced by today’s world.

Important Days

  1. International Universal Health Coverage Day observed on December 12, 2019
  • The International Universal Health Coverage Day(UHC) is observed annually on December 12 under the resolution (A/RES/72/138) by the United Nations(UN).
  • The day was adopted on December 12, 2017 at the UN General Assembly(UNGA).
  • The day aims to create awareness in providing strong and resilient health systems and universal health coverage with multi-stakeholder partners around the country.
  • The day also aims to provide access to quality and affordable health care for all.
  1. International Day of Neutrality observed on December 12
  • The International Day of Neutrality is observed annually on December 12 under the resolution (A/RES/71/275) by the United Nations (UN).
  • The day was adopted on 2 February 2017, at the UN General Assembly (UNGA) and first observed on December 12 of the same year.
  • Neutrality is a legal status of a country that arises when it abstains all participation of war between other countries and maintains an attitude of impartiality towards the belligerent countries.
  • According to the resolution the day aims at promoting neutrality among states so as to strengthen peace and security and also to develop mutual and beneficial relations among countries of the world.
  • The day was first introduced in Turkmenistan after the UN permanently declared it as a neutral state since 12 December 1995.
February 7, 2020

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