July 23, 2019



  1. Lok Sabha passed protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill 2019
  • According to the bill, besides a Chief justice of India, a former Supreme Court judge can also be made the chairperson of National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).
  • The bill also proposes to enable any person to be the chairperson of the State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) who has been a judge of a high court
  • The bill amends the protection of Human Rights Act 1993 to provide that a person who has been Chief Justice of India or a judge of the Supreme Court will be the chairperson of the NHRC.
  1. Indian Navy commissions fifth Dornier Aircraft Squadron in Chennai
  • Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Karambir Singh commissioned the fifth Dornier squadron of the Indian Navy- Indian Naval Air Squadron 313 (INAS 313 ) at the Naval Air Enclave in Meenambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. It will operate the indigenous Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) built Maritime Surveillance version multi-role Dornier 228 Short Range Maritime reconnaissance aircraft from Chennai Airport.

Key Points:

♦It is commanded by Commander Vivek Koman.

♦It is fitted with state-of-the-art sensors and equipment which include Advanced Surveillance Radar, Electronic Sensors and networking features.

♦It will help India to track the growing Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).

  1. CRPF unveils country’s first body protector for women personnel in combat
  • The CRPF unveiled the country’s first prototype of a body protector for women personnel which it has jointly developed with the Defence Research and Development Organisation.
  • The “gender-specific protective gear” weighs 6 kg and has a different design and layout from the regular fibre-made black coloured body protector which is worn by both men and women police and paramilitary personnel during riot-control duties and regulation of public protests.
  • One such female body protector, that would protect an individual from the neck to the toe with chest, hand, legs, shin and thigh guards, is estimated to cost₹9,000.


  1. Lucknow to host Asia’s biggest arm show ‘DefExpo’ in February 2020
  • The defence ministry will hold its 11th biennial arms exhibition ‘DefExpo 2020’ in Lucknow , next year from February 5-8 in line with Modi government’s big push to develop Uttar Pradesh as one of the two major defence manufacturing hubs.
  • It will focus on India’s emerging manufacturing corridors with special focus on digital transformation of the industry
  • The theme of DefExpo will be “India: the emerging defence manufacturing hub’’
  1. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurates two bridges in J&K
  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated 1000 meter long Ujh Bridge in Kathua district and 617.40-meter Basantar Bridge in samba district.
  • Terming construction of Ujh and Basantar bridges a great achievement by Border Roads Organisation.
  • The roads and bridges are the lifeline of any nation and play a vital role in the socio-economic development of far-flung regions and population.
  • Project Sampark was launched on January 1, 1965 to develop and maintain the operational road infrastructure of Armed Forces in Border Areas of the State of Jammu and Kashmir.


  1. Iran passes death sentences to 17 CIA spies
  • Iranian media reported that Iran has captured 17 spies working for the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and some have been sentenced to death.
  • Iranian state television published images that claimed the CIA officers who were in touch with the suspected spies.
  • Iran announced in June that it had broken up an alleged CIA spy ring but it was unclear whether recent announcement was linked to the same case or not.


  1. India’s track and field legend PT Usha nominated for IAAF’s ‘Veteran Pin’
  • The International Association of Athletics Federation’s (IAAF) Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Jon Ridgeoninformed that India’s track and field legend PT Usha, aged 55, has been nominated for the IAAF’s ‘Veteran Pin’ for her outstanding service to the sport.
  • She is called as the “queen of track and field”.
  • She has been invited to participate in the award ceremony which will be held during the opening ceremony of the 52nd IAAF Congress at the Qatar National Convention Centre in Doha on the eve of September 24, 2019.
  • She had won five gold medals in 100m, 200m, 400m, 400m hurdles and the 4x400m relay and a bronze medal in the 1985 Asian Athletic Championships which were held in Jakarta, Indonesia.
  • In the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics, she became the first Indian to reach the finals of the 400m hurdles, but lost the bronze by one-hundredth of a second.

Appointment & Resignation

  1. Varun Dhawan was signed as the brand face of Reebok
  • Varun Dhawan was appointed as the Indian Brand Ambassador of leading fitness brand Reebok.Earlier, Katrina Kaif was appointed as the new face of Reebok.Reebok also launched its biggest campaign on Sole Fury, a dynamic new silhouette that is equal parts sport and style.

Award & Honors

  1. Ravinder Malik wins Mr South Asia title
  • Ravinder Kumar Malik, an Indian bodybuilder, has clinched Mr. South Asia title. He has crowned the overall champion at 12th South Asian Bodybuilding and Physique Sports Championship in Kathmandu.
  • Ravinder Malik, the winner of 80 kg category, was adjudged best bodybuilder among the winners of nine senior men’s weight categories.
  • Afghanistan won team championship by securing a top position with 535 points. Host Nepal finished second with 445 points, while India remained third with 380 points.
  1. Two-time Oscar winner Hilary Swank to receive Leopard Club Award at 2019 Locarno International Film Festival
  • Hilary Swank, two-time Oscar winner, will be conferred with the Leopard Club Award at the 2019 Locarno International Film Festival which will be held from August 7- 17, 2019. It will be the 72nd edition of the film festival in Locarno, Switzerland.

Key Points:

♦It is given to a “great personality of the cinema who through her or his work has managed to mark the collective imagination”.

♦The film festival will screen the films of Hilary Swank-  “Boys Don’t Cry” (1999) and “Million Dollar Baby” (2004) for which she had won Best Actress Academy Awards.

♦Previous recipients of the Leopard Club Award are Meg Ryan, Adrien Brody, Stefania Sandrelli, Andy Garcia, Mia Farrow and Faye Dunaway.

  1. Carnatic vocalist S. Sowmya selected for Sangita Kalanidhi Award 2019
  • The Music Academy’s Executive Committee unanimously selected Carnatic vocalist S. Sowmya for Sangita Kalanidhi Award 2019. She will preside over the 93rd annual conference of The Music Academy which is scheduled to be held from December 15, 2019 to January 1, 2020.

Key Points:

♦Seetha Narayanan, a veteran vocalist and M S Sheela, who has been a torch-bearer of Carnatic music in Karnataka, were selected for the Sangita Kala Acharya award.

♦Nagaswaram artist ‘Vyasarpadi’ Kothandaraman and vocalist Rajkumar Bharathi, great grandson of national poet Subramani Bharath, were selected for the TTK Award in memory of T T Krishnamachari.

♦Arati N Rao, an assistant professor in Bengaluru-based Jain University, was chosen for the Musicologist Award.

♦The Nritya Kalanidhi title will be conferred to Bharatanatyam dancer Priyadarshini Govind.

♦The Sangita Kalanidhi and other music awards will be conferred at the Sadas of the Music festival on January 1, 2020.

♦The Nritya Kalanidhi award will be conferred at the inaugural of the dance festival scheduled which will be held on January 3, 2020.


  1. Author Sunil Mishra’s book ‘Who Stole My Job enters second print Run’
  • India’s leading publishing house Srishti publishers and distributors announced the second print of ‘Who Stole My Job’ by nationally acclaimed author SunilMishra.
  • The book was first released in April 2019 and has received a very positive response from readers across the globe.

About the book

♦ “Who Stole My Job” is a work of business fiction that relates to new technological disruptions in the age of Artificial Intelligence and their impact on daily and work lives.

Science, Space & Technology

  1. NASA prepares to send first woman on Moon in 2024
  • NASA marked the 50th anniversary of the historic first Moon landing. NASA is preparing to send “first woman and the next man” walk on the lunar surface.
  • Mission’s name is Artemis. It is named after the twin sister of Apollo who is also the Goddess of the Moon and the hunt.
  • With the mission, NASA plans to explore regions of the Moon never visited before, unlock mysteries of the universe and test the technology that will extend the bounds of humanity.
  1. Chandrayaan-2 launched successfully from SDSC, Sriharikota, AP
  • India’s heaviest rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mk-III, nicknamed ‘Bahubali’ carried the Chandrayaan-2 mission successfully from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota, off the coast of Andhra Pradesh. It is a Rs 978-crore project. It will be the first operational flight of GSLV-Mk-3 which is a 640-tonne rocket.

Key Points:

♦Background: Originally, it was planned to be lifted off on July 15, 2019. But the plan was aborted by the Indian Space Research organization (ISRO) due to a technical glitch.

♦Mission: The Chandrayaan 2 mission is set to explore the south polar region of the Moon, which is also known as Dark Side of the Moon due to the absence of sunlight in and around the craters of the Lunar Polar surface. It will explore the uncharted lunar south pole, 11 years after Isro’s successful first lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1, which made more than 3,400 orbits around the moon and was operational for 312 days till August 29, 2009.

♦Components: It carried 3 components namely the Orbiter, The Lander ‘Vikram’, and the Rover ‘Pragyaan. The Lander has been named after the father of the Indian Space Programme, Dr Vikram A Sarabhai. The life span of Vikram is one lunar day which is equivalent to 14 Earth days. It has the capability to communicate with The Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) at Byalalu near Bangalore and can also communicate with the Rover and the Orbiter too.

♦Schedule: Chandrayaan-2 will take 54 days to accomplish the task of landing on the Moon through meticulously planned orbital phases.

♦Credit: It is world’s first mission to Moon’s South Pole. If successful, India will become the fourth nation to soft land on the Moon after the United States, Russia and China.

  1. Amazon launched ‘JEE Ready’ app
  • Amazon, an e-commerce and tech giant, launched an Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE) preparation app called JEE Ready. It is Amazon’s first product in the edtech sector in India.
  • It helps the students to prepare for entrance tests by allowing them to take an All India Mock Test for free.
  • It is currently in its beta phase and is available only on Android devices.


  1. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) chief Yukiya Amano passed away
  • 5th Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Yukiya Amano aged 72 passed away. He was born in Yugawara, Japan.
  • He was serving the International Atomic Energy Agency from 2009 to till date.
  • Earlier, he served as an international civil servant for the United Nations and its subdivisions.
  • In 2005, he served as the ambassador from Japan to the IAEA. From September 2005 to September 2006, he served as the Chairman of the IAEA Board of Governors.

Book he authored:

♦ “A Japanese View on Nuclear Disarmament”, The Non-Proliferation Review, 2002

♦The Significance of the NPT Extension”, Future Restraints on Arms Proliferation, 1996 iii“La Non-Prolifération Nucléaire en Extrême-Orient”, Proliferation et Non-Proliferation Nucleaire, 1995

♦ “Sea Dumping of Liquid Radioactive Waste by Russia”, Gaiko Jiho, 1994


July 23, 2019

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