October 01, 2019


  1. IPCC meet on climate change begins in New Delhi
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has started its second Lead Author Meeting on climate change in New Delhi.
  • Participants from around 65 countries and more than 200 authors including 12 from India are participating in this week-long meeting.
  • The IPCC was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1988. Its objective is to assess the science related to climate change. About 195 countries are members of the group.
  1. PAN-Aadhaar linking deadline extended to December 31
  • The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) extended the deadline to link permanent account number (PAN) with Aadhaar till December 31. The earlier deadline was September 30.
  • This is the seventh time that the government has extended the deadline for linking of PAN with Aadhaar. It is now mandatory to link the two unique IDs for income tax purposes.
  • Section 139 AA (2) of the Income Tax Act says that every person having PAN as on July 1, 2017, and eligible to obtain Aadhaar, must intimate his Aadhaar number to tax authorities.
  • Aadhaar is issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) to a resident of India and PAN is a 10-digit alphanumeric number allotted by the IT Department to a person, firm or entity.
  1. PIO cards along with foreign passport will continue as valid travel document till March 31, 2020
  • The Indian Consulate in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE) stated that, the Bureau of Immigration (BoI) will now accept Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) cards as valid travel document till 31 March 2020 along with valid foreign passport. The Immigration Check Post(s) in India will continue to allow all PIO cards valid for exit/entry into India till 31 March 2020.

Key points:

♦However, the extension of time limit is subject to the condition that if in the meantime any deadline is notified by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) thereby making handwritten PIO cards invalid, then PIO cardholders may have to obtain an appropriate visa from the Indian missions/posts.

♦Background: GoI (Government of India) had earlier advised that the conversion of all Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) cards to Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) cards had to be done by September 30, 2019.

About PIO card:

♦It was a form of identification issued to a Person of Indian Origin who held a passport in a country other than Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.It was first implemented in 2002 as a benefit to foreign nationals who could establish at least a third generation tie to Indian origin.

OCI card :

♦It was implemented in 2005, carried more expansive benefits than the PIO card, and was valid for the holder’s lifetime. In 2014, Prime Minister(PM) Narendra Modi had announced that the two types of cards would be merged and the Indian diaspora would be given the maximum possible benefits.


  1. Kerala tops NitiAayog’s School Education Quality Index
  • The School Education Quality Index, SEQI prepared by NITI Aayog was launched by NITI Aayog Vice Chairman and CEO in New Delhi.
  • Kerala has bagged the number one rank followed by Rajasthan in overall performance. In incremental performance ranking, Haryana is number one followed by Assam and Uttar Pradesh.
  • Uttar Pradesh secured the last spot in the list.
  • In small states category, Manipur has claimed the top spot followed by Tripura and Goa in overall performance. Meghalaya got the first place in incremental performance ranking followed by Nagaland and Goa.
  • While Chandigarh topped the list of Union Territories.
  • The School Education Quality Index assesses States on the basis of learning outcomes, access, equity and infrastructure and facilities, using survey data, self-reported data from States and third-party verification.
  • Tamil Nadu was the top performer in access and equity outcomes, while Karnataka led in learning outcomes. Haryana had the best infrastructure and facilities.


  1. 64th Commonwealth Parliamentary Conference for 2019 held in Kampala, Uganda
  • The 64th Commonwealth Parliamentary Conference (CPC) for 2019 was held in Kampala, Uganda from September 22- 29, 2019 under the theme ‘Adaption, engagement, and evolution of parliaments in a rapidly changing Commonwealth’.
  • It was organized by the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA) Uganda Branch and the Parliament of Uganda and hosted by the CPA President Designate (2018-2019), Rt Hon. Rebecca Kadaga, Speaker of the Parliament of Uganda.
  • It was led by Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla.
  1. Nepal’s biggest hindu festival named BadaDashain begun
  • The greatest and longest hindu festival of Nepal named as BadaDashain formally began. The first day of this Dashain marks the beginning of Navaratri festival too.

Key points

♦Seeds of maize, wheat, barley, etc are sowed in a “Ghada” (earthen pot) and kept in houses are temples as part of the vedic tradition. The sprouts are taken on 10th day which is observed as vijayadashami.

♦This festival is also simply called as Dashain.

Business & Economy

  1. World Hindu Economic Forum
  • The 7th annual World Hindu Economic Forum (WHEF) began in Mumbai. The three-day event, being held in India’s financial capital for the first time.
  • The World Hindu Economic Forum has earlier been organised in London, Chicago, Losa Angeles, Hong Kong, and Nairobi.
  • WHEF was created to bring together financially successful members in Hindu society, to share business knowledge, expertise and resources with their fellow brethren “to trigger the creation of surplus wealth and make society prosperous”.
  • Next year in 2020 the World Hindu Economic Forum will be organized in The Hague, Netherland.
  1. SEBI relaxes norms to allow smart cities raise funds through ‘Muni Bonds’
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) eased its norms to allow smart cities raise funds through ‘Muni Bonds‘. The entities working in areas of city planning and urban development work, including municipalities, special purpose vehicles (SPVs) set up under the central government’s ambitious ‘Smart Cities Mission’ can also raise funds through debt securities.
  • Background: SEBI had issued its Issue and Listing of Debt Securities by Municipalites (ILDM) Regulations nearly 5 years ago and since then 7 municipalities have raised nearly Rs 1,400 crore by issuing their debt securities, which are commonly known as ‘Muni Bonds’.
  • SEBI has allowed this route for other structures where a group of municipalities pool their resources together to jointly raise funds through issuance of bonds. These structures are generally known as Pooled Finance Development Funds (PFDF).


  1. Team India wins SAFF U-18 Championship title for first time
  • The Indian team defeated Bangladesh by 2-1 in the final match of SAFF under-18 championship. The Indian team has won the SAFF U-18 cup for the first time.
  • Ninthoinganba Meetei of India was announced the Most Valuable Player of the SAFF U-18 championship.
  • India was runner-up in 2015 and finished third in 2017. The SAFF U-18 held at Nepal this year, Nepal won two editions of the championship.
  1. Lewis Hamilton wins Russia F1 GP
  • British racing driver Lewis Hamilton, who races in Formula One for Mercedes won the Russian Grand Prix 2019. This was his 9th win of the season.
  • Team-mate ValtteriBottas was in second, with Charles Leclerc (Ferrari) was third. Verstappen was fourth.
  1. Japan’s KentoMomota wins Korea Open
  • Top-ranked KentoMomota of Japan clinched the men’s singles title at the Korea Open badminton tournament with a win over number two Chou Tien-chen of Taiwan.
  • In the women’s final, China’s He Bingjiao defeated RatchanokIntanon of Thailand.
  • South Korea dominated the women’s doubles, with Kim So-yeong and Kong Hee-yong beating compatriots Lee So-hee and Shin Seung-chan.
  • Indonesian pair FajarAlfian and Muhammad RianArdianto defeated Takeshi Kamura and KeigoSonoda of Japan to clinch the men’s doubles title.
  1. Indian fencer Bhavani Devi wins silver in the 2019 Tournoi Satellite Fencing competition in Belgium
  • Indian fencer CA Bhavani Devi (Chennai, Tamilnadu) won silver medal in women’s sabre individual category in the 2019 Tournoi Satellite Fencingcompetition (World level)at Ghent, Belgium. She lost to Azerbaijan’s Bashta Anna who won the gold medal in the event.

Key points

♦Bhavani Devi currently ranks 44th in the world rankings.

Appointment & Resignation

  1. Jai Bhagwan Bhoria appointed as the new administrator of PMC Bank by RBI
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI ) appointed Jai Bhagwan Bhoria as the new administrator of the Punjab and Maharashtra Cooperative (PMC) Bank Ltd, Mumbai succeeding S.Waryam Singh and it superseded the existing Board.

Key Points:

♦RBI provided a toll-free number- 1800223993 for enquiries to be used by customers for grievances & redressal and they can also report it through the website www.pmcbank.com.

♦RBI had recently increased the amount of withdrawal allowed to the depositors from Rs 1,000 to Rs 10,000 and the directives will remain in force for a period of six months.

Award & Honors

  1. Scientist Thanu Padmanabhan receives 2019 MP Birla Memorial Award
  • Scientist Thanu Padmanabhan (Physicist) received 2019 M P Birla Memorial Award for his contributions in the field of cosmology. The award was given in M P Birla Planetarium in Kolkata, West Bengal. The award that comprises a citation, a trophy and a cheque for Rs 2,51,000 was given by H V Lodha, Chairman of Madhav Prasad(MP) Birla Group.

Key points

♦During the event, ThanuPadmanabhan also gave a lecture on ’Gravity and the Cosmos’, about the role gravity has played in shaping the Universe.

♦Thanu is currently serving as a professor of Inter-university Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics in Pune, Maharashtra. He had received 1996 Shanti SwarupBhatnagar Prize, Padma Shri award in 2007, INSA(Indian National Science Academy)Young Scientists Award etc.

♦The previous awardees of the 1993 instituted MP Birla Memorial Award were former President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, Prof JV Narlikar, Prof Ashok Sen, Prof GovindSwarup, Prof K Kasturirangan etc.

Science, Space & Technology

  1. Land attack version of BrahMos supersonic cruise missile test fired by DRDO from Chandipur coast of Odisha
  • The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), successfully test fired the land attack version of the BrahMos supersonic cruise from Chandipur coast in Odisha in its Balasore district. Having a strike range of 290 km, this missile can be fired from both land and sea based platforms and also adds strength to the “Make in India” flagship programme.
  • In March 2017 the first extended version of the BrahMos missile, with a strike range of 450 km, was successfully tested.

About BrahMos missile:

♦The BrahMos missile is a joint venture between India’s DRDO and Russia’s NPOM(NPO Mashinostroyeniya)

♦It is the world’s fastest anti-ship cruise missile in operation.

♦The name BrahMosis coined from the names the Brahmaputra river of India and the Moskva river of Russia.

  1. Pandit Jasraj becomes first Indian Musician to have a minor planet 2006 VP32 named after him
  • The International Astronomical Union (IAU) has named minor planet 2006 VP32 (number -300128), located between Mars and Jupiter, as “Panditjasraj”after Indian classical vocal musician PanditJasraj. By this he became the first Indian musician to have a minor planet named after him.

Key points

♦The announcement was made by IAU followed by a citation.

♦A permanent number to the minor planet is given by IAU’s Minor Planet Centre(MPC). ‘Panditjasraj’ minor planet, discovered in 2006 with number 300128, denotes the musical maestro’s date of birth in reverse order (28/01/30).

♦PanditJasraj, the Padma Vibhushan recipient, joins the galaxy of immortal composers like Mozart, Beethoven and Tenor Luciano Pavarotti to have a planet named after them


  1. 77 new patch reef areas and 62 new marine species found in Gulf of Mannar
  • During a recent baseline study of biological resources in the Gulf of Mannar, 62 new species and 77 new patch reef areas were discovered. This was recorded by the Suganthi Devadason Marine Research Institute (SDMRI), Tamil Nadu.

Key Points:

♦The study, held from May 2017 to March 2019, was conducted as part of National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC) under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) and was done under the supervision of Environment and Forest Departments of Government of Tamil Nadu and National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).

♦The number of species recorded in the Gulf of Mannar increased from 4,223 to 4,285.

♦The 62 newly recorded species in the study includes 14 species of hard corals (the number of coral species identified has increased from 117 to 131), 17 species of soft corals, 11 species of sponges, 16 species of mollusks and 2 species of seaweeds and fish each.

♦Over 50 unidentified species were observed, which are believed to be new to Gulf of Mannar and a total of 39 new seagrass patches have been identified covering an area of 8.51 sq.km.


  1. Veteran actor VijuKhote passed away
  • Veteran actor VijuKhote has passed away in Mumbai
  • He had acted in more than 300 Hindi and Marathi films.
  • He gained fame for his character Kaliya in the blockbuster film Sholay.
  • Khote was popular for his comedy roles in many films including AndazApnaApna, Qayamat Se QayamatTak
January 26, 2020

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