October 02, 2019


  1. Supreme Court amends own order about SC/ST Act
  • The Supreme Court partially recalled the decision of a two-member bench to dilute the provisions of the SC/ST Act.
  • Now an FIR can be registered under this act without investigation. Experts said that the decision was taken not due to cast system but because of constitutional requirements.
  • A two-member bench in March 2018 diluted the provisions of the SC/ST law, but the central government requested the court to reconsider the order.
  1. NeGD&MeitY signed MoU with Bhopals’s NLIU in New Delhi on implementation of cyber law programmes
  • The National eGovernance Division (NeGD), Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) & The National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal together have signed a Memorandum of Understanding(MoU) in New Delhi for implementation of ‘Online Capacity Building Programme on Cyber Law, Crime Investigation and Digital Forensics through NeGD Learning Management System (LMS)’.

Key points

♦Programme goal: The goal of this programme is to enable Police Officers, State Cyber Cells, Law Enforcement Agencies(LEA), Prosecutors and Judicial Officers to acquire adequate skills in dealing with Cyber Forensics cases as per the Indian Cyber Law, as there has been an increased rate of cybercrimes in recent years posing major challenge for the LEA.

♦Programme& Collaboration: The programme is an initiative providing 9-month online PG(Post Graduate) Diploma Courses in Cyber law, Crime Investigation & Digital Forensics to officials through Learning Management System (LMS) by NeGD, under the Digital India Programme in collaboration with NLIU Bhopal. On successful completion of the course, candidates will be awarded the PG Diploma Certificate.

  1. Trade apprentices to get minimum monthly stipend based on qualification ranging from Rs 5000 to 9000
  • During the State Ministers’ Conference on Skill Development in New Delhi, the Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) Mahendra Nath Pandey announced the Govt’s notification that minimum stipend payable to trade apprentices according to the Apprenticeship (Amendment) Rules, 2019 will be ranging from Rs 5000-9000 per month based on qualification.

Key points

♦Apprentice engagement eligibility: By the Apprenticeship (Amendment) Rules, 2019, hiring limit of apprentices have been raised to 15% of the total strength of an establishment and employees having minimum of 4 workers are eligible to engage apprentices while it was minimum of 6 workers before the present amendment. Size-limit of an establishment with a mandatory obligation to engage apprentices on an optional basis has been lowered from 40 to 30.

♦The Apprenticeship (Amendment) Rules, 2019 envisages the changes made in the Apprenticeship Rules (1992) that looks into increasing skilled manpower in the country, and raise monetary compensation of apprentices.

♦Shri Pandey also stressed the need to create state level to village level KaushalMitra for skill development purposes. With this, the number of apprenticeships are expected to rise to 2.6 lakh as compared to 60,000 at present.


  1. Ten-day Mysuru Dasara festival inaugurated in Karnataka
  • Kannada novelist Dr. S L Bhyrappa inaugurated the ten-day MysuruDasara festival in presence of Karnataka Chief Minister B S Yediyurappa and other dignitaries. This festival will comprise of cultural programmes, sports events inaugurated by Indian Badminton player PV Sindhu, wrestling competitions and would culminate(conclude) with a grand elephant procession on Vijayadashmi.

Key points

♦This year, the birth centenary celebration of the erstwhile ruler of Mysore JayachamarajaWadiyar is included in the Dasara festival.

♦Ranu Mondal, who rose to stardom for her singing capabilities after her singing video at the Kolkata Railway Station went viral, will be honoured on the occasion.

  1. Rajiva Sinha took over as the new chief secretary of West Bengal
  • Rajiva Sinha took over as the new Chief Secretary of West Bengal succeeding incumbent Malay Kumar De. Rajiva Sinha who previously served as the additional chief secretary to the health and family welfare department of the state, also served in the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.

Key points

♦Sinha, a 1985 batch Indian Administrative Service(IAS) officer was named by West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee for the post.


  1. Weight Loss can cause type-2 diabetes: Study
  • The University of Cambridge has found in a study that people who achieve 10 percent weight loss in the first five years have greatest chance of type-2 diabetes.
  • As per the statistics released by the University of Cambridge, 400 million people come into contact with type-2 diabetes every year.
  • Type-2 diabetes increases the risk of heart disease, amputations, blindness and stroke.

Banking & Finance

  1. RBI Sets WMA Limit for Government of India At Rs 35000 For Second Half Of FY 2019-20
  • The Reserve Bank of India, in consultation with the Government of India has decided that the limits for Ways and Means Advances (WMA) for the second half of the financial year 2019-20 (October 2019 to March 2020) will be 35,000 crore.
  • The Reserve Bank retains the flexibility to revise the limit at any time, in consultation with the Government of India, taking into consideration the prevailing circumstances.
  • The Reserve Bank may trigger fresh floatation of market loans when the Government of India utilises 75 per cent of the WMA limit. The interest rate on WMA will be Repo Rate and overdraft will be 2% above the Repo Rate.
  1. SBI becomes first Indian bank to have office in Australia’s Victoria
  • The State Bank of India becoming the first Indian bank to have a branch in the Australian state of Victoria.
  • The Melbourne office will assist the growing trade and investment relations between Victoria and India and is the outcome of the state’s 10-year India Strategy – our shared future
  • According to official figures, the two-way merchandise trade between Victoria and India was to the tune of 1.76 billion Australian dollars in 2018.
  1. Interest rates of PPF, NSC, SSY and other small savings scheme remain unchanged for Q3 FY 19-20
  • The Union Ministry of Finance in a circular dated September 30, 2019 notified that the interest rates of post office small savings schemes, including that of Public Provident Fund (PPF), Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY), National Savings Certificate (NSC) and Senior Citizen Savings Scheme remain unchanged for the third quarter (Q3) October to December of the current financial year 2019-20.
  • Reasons for no change: Increase in the budget’s fiscal deficit (3.3% of GDP-Gross Domestic Product) and reduction in the corporate tax rates.
  • The formula to arrive at the interest rates of the small savings scheme was given by the Shyamala Gopinath Committee which recommended that the interest rates of different schemes should be 25-100 bps higher than the yields of the government bonds of similar maturity.

Business & Economy

  1. Govt puts a ban on onion export
  • The Union Government banned the export of all varieties of the onions to increase the stock of the onion in the country.
  • The Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) under the Ministry of Commerce said in the notification that all types of onions have been banned with immediate effect.
  • The government has announced in the latest notification that retail traders can store 100 quintals while wholesale traders can store up to 500 quintals of onions.
  1. CBDT signs 300th APA by signing 3 APAs pertaining to United Kingdom
  • The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) signed the 300th Advance Pricing Agreement (APA) in September 2019 by signing 3 APAs pertaining to United Kingdom (UK)- 2 Unilateral and 1 Bilateral APA. It is considered as a significant landmark of India’s APA Programme which is in the seventh year now.

Key Points:

♦In the ongoing fiscal, the total number of APAs entered into has gone up to 29 with 27 Unilateral and 2 Bilateral APAs.

♦The APAs signed in September 2019 are related to various sectors of the economy like retail, garments, and consumer foods.

  1. WTO cuts global trade growth forecast to 1.2% for 2019 from 2.6%
  • The World Trade Organisation (WTO) in its report reduced the global trade growth forecast to 1.2% for 2019 from 2.6% growth forecast made in April 2019 due to trade tensions and sluggish global economy. It is the weakest level in a decade. The global trade growth forecast for 2020 was reduced to 2.7% from 3%.

Key Points:

♦In August 2019, India’s exports dropped by 6.05% to USD 26.13 billion and Imports declined by 13.45% to USD 39.58 billion. The trade deficit stood at USD 13.45 billion.

♦Among the 30 key sectors, 22 showed negative growth in August 2019.


  1. SumitNagal wins men’s singles title ATP Challenger Tournament
  • In Tennis, SumitNagal has won the men’s singles title of ATP Challenger Tournament at Buenos Aires in Argentina.
  • He defeated local favouriteFacundoBognis in straight to claim the 54,160 US dollars prize money.
  • The 22-year-old from Haryana, seeded seventh, outclassed 8th seed Bognis of Argentina to become first Indian to win on South American clay court.

Appointment & Resignation

  1. Air Marshal SK Ghotia appointed as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief of South Western Air Command
  • Air Marshal Surendra Kumar Ghotia took over as the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief (AOC-C) of South Western Air Command. He handed over the Command of Headquarters Training Command of Indian Air Force(IAF) in Bengaluru where he took over the command recently in May 2019. He succeeded Air Marshal Harjit Singh Arora, who recently appointed as the new vice chief of the Indian Air Force (IAF).

Key points

♦Sk Ghotia was presented with guard of honour before handing over his appointment. A formal sendoff was organised by all the personnel of Training Command.An alumnus of the National Defence Academy, SK Ghotia was commissioned in the fighter stream of IAF in 1981.

♦Prior to assuming the present appointment, he served as Senior Air Staff Officer of Training Command. He also served as Director of Intelligence at Air Headquarters, Principal Director Training (Flying) at, Air Attache at the Embassy of India, Paris, AOC- COBRA Group and Assistant Chief of Air Staff (Intelligence). He was awarded Vishisht Seva Medal in 2007 and Commendations by Chief of Air Staff in 1998 and by Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief(AOC-C), Western Air Command in 1994.

  1. IIS Officer Kuldeep Singh Dhatwalia appointed as Principal Spokesperson of the government
  • Indian Information Service (IIS) officer Kuldeep Singh Dhatwalia was appointed as the Principal Spokesperson of the government of India succeeding Sitanshu Kar. He has been appointed as the new principal Director General (DG) of the Press Information Bureau (PIB), the publicity wing of the central government. AIR DG Ira Joshi, given additional charge of the principal DG of the Directorate of Publications Division
  • IIS officer, Ira Joshi, who currently serves as DG of the All India Radio (AIR), has been given additional charge of the principal DG of the Directorate of Publications Division under Information and Broadcasting Ministry.

Award & Honors

  1. Scientist ThanuPadmanabhan gets M P Birla Memorial Award
  • Noted physicist ThanuPadmanabhan received the M P Birla Memorial Award 2019 for his contributions to the world of cosmology.
  • Padmanabhan, a professor of Inter-university Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics in Pune, received the award at a programme held at the M P Birla Planetarium.
  • Padmanabhan, a visiting faculty to several institutes in the US and the UK, has contributed to the fields of general relativity, gravitation and cosmology
  • The M P Birla Memorial Award comprises a citation, trophy and a cheque for Rs. 2,51,000
  • The award was introduced in 1993 in recognition to the excellence in research in Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Science and related areas.
  1. Pune headquartered Bajaj Finance overtook SBI in market capitalization
  • Bajaj Finance Ltd based at Pune, Maharashtra, has surpassed India’s largest bank, the State Bank of India (SBI) for the first time, in terms of market capitalization.
  • The market capital of Bajaj Finance stood at Rs 2.32 lakh crore while it was Rs 2.28 lakh crore for SBI.


  1. “LalBahadurShastri: Politics and Beyond” authored by SandeepShastri set to be released
  • “LalBahadurShastri: Politics and Beyond” authored by political analyst SandeepShastri commemorating Late Shashtri’s 113th birth anniversary on October 2, 2019 is set to be released.
  • It is published by Rupa Publications. It depicts the early influences, political associations and historical decisions of LalBahadurShastri.

Science, Space & Technology

  1. China unveiled DF-41 the most powerful intercontinental-range ballistic missile on the planet
  • On the 70th National Day of China which was observed on October 1, 2019, it launched DF-41 (Dongfeng-41) the most powerful intercontinental-range ballistic missile on the planet during the National Day parade at Chang’an Avenue in Beijing. It made its first appearance along with a clutch of new military hardware.

Key Points:

♦DF-41 has a range of up to 9,320 miles (15,000 kilometres), capable of carrying 10 independently targeted nuclear warheads and flying at 25 times the speed of sound, could theoretically, hit the United States in 30 minutes.

♦Along with the launch, it also displayed traditional air drones, underwater vehicles, new stealthy DR-8 drones, more than 160 aircrafts and 580 pieces of equipment, alongside 59 formations and a military band in the parade.

♦China has the world’s largest standing army and the world’s third-largest air force.

  1. DGTR launches online filing system ‘ARTIS’
  • The Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR), under the aegis of the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, launched an online system Applications for Remedies in Trade for Indian Industry and other Stakeholders (ARTIS) for filing anti-dumping applications by the domestic industry for speedy resolution of dumping issues.

Key Points:

♦It has invited the applications to file the process to be followed by Domestic Industry for anti-dumping investigations under Section 9A of the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 as amended and the Customs Tariff (Identification, Assessment and Collection of Anti-Dumping Duty on Dumped Articles and for Determination of Injury) Rules, 1995.

♦The modules for other types of applications will be launched shortly.

♦The various duties like anti-dumping duty, safeguard duty, and countervailing duty are the trade remedy measures, provided under an agreement of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) to its member countries.

  1. Chandigarh University students develop India’s most secure and portable OS elementary puzzles
  • A group of 3 computer science engineering students of Chandigarh University comprising of Adarsh Chauhan, Anmol Puri and Puspraj Jaswal developed India’s most secure and portable Operating System (OS) elementary puzzles by working on the Kernel of the OS. It is Linux-based GUI (Graphical Operating System) which offers compatibility and data security to its users.
  • The first beta version of OS Elementary Puzzles was formed in 2 years.
  • Elementary Puzzles comes with more advanced memory management, built-in compatibility feature which allows it to be run on any 32 bit or 64 bit microsystem and offers the highest level of encryption-based security to the user data.
  • It is an easy-to-switch interface without any installations due to utilities like GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) & KDE (K Desktop Environment).

Important Days

  1. World Vegetarian day observed on October 1, 2019
  • World Vegetarian Day was celebrated all over the world to promote the joy, compassion and life-enhancing possibilities of vegetarianism.
  • In 1977, the day was originated by the North American Vegetarian Society (NAVS) and endorsed by the International Vegetarian Union in 1978.
  • The day initiates the month of October as Vegetarian Awareness Month, which has been known variously as Reverence for Life month, Month of Vegetarian Food, and more. It ends with November 1, World Vegan Day, as the end of that month of celebration.
January 26, 2020

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