October 07, 2019

ATTEMPT IN HINDI

National

  1. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh will receive first Rafale fighter aircraft
  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh is scheduled to participate in the handing over ceremony of the first Rafale fighter jet by France to India on October 8, 2019. The Defence Minister will also perform the Shastra pooja on the occasion and fly a sortie on the fighter aircraft.
  • The Defence Minister who will leave from New Delhi on October 7 for a two-day visit to France will also meet French President Emmanuel Macron and hold the annual defence dialogue with the French Minister of Armed Forces, Florence Parly.
  • Rajnath Singh will address the CEOs of the French Defence industry on October 9, during which he is expected to urge them to participate in the ‘Make in India’ initiative.
  • North Korea stated on October 6, 2019 that it does not want to continue nuclear talks with the United States unless it takes steps to end hostilities. The announcement comes a day after the negotiations between the two nations broke down in Sweden.
  1. Goa Maritime Conclave 2019 held in Goa
  • The Goa Maritime Conclave (GMC) 2019 was held at Hotel Taj Fort Aguada in Goa under the theme “Common Maritime Priorities in IOR and need for Regional Maritime Strategy” from October 3-5, 2019. It was inaugurated by the National Security Advisor (NSA) Mr Ajit Kumar Doval and organized by Naval War College (NWC), Goa. It was hosted by Admiral Karambir Singh, PVSM, AVSM, ADC, the Chief of the Naval Staff.
  • Sub-themes: The 3 sub themes of the conference were “Opportunities and Challenges in IOR”; “Imperatives and Priorities for Forging a Common Agenda in the IOR”and “Regional Constructs and Strategies in the IOR”.iii. The 31st edition of the Naval War College Journal was released on the occasion.
  • The 31st edition of the Naval War College Journal was released on the occasion.
  1. PMJAY in first year funded 90,000 cancer claims; Tamil Nadu tops the list
  • The Union Health Ministry’s data showed that in its first year of the launch of the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY), the treatment of 90,000 cancer patients was funded through 1.8 lakh hospital admissions. Tamil Nadu emerged as the top state where the most cancer patients availed treatment under PMJAY with 40,056 cases. It was followed by Kerala (22,000), Madhya Pradesh (19,455), Chhattisgarh (15,997) and Gujarat (14,380).

Key Points:

♦The National Health Authority (NHA), the nodal agency for implementation of PMJAY has sanctioned Rs 321 crores for cancer care so far.

♦Every year there are 11.57 lakh new cancer patients in India and 7.84 lakh cancer deaths.

♦There is a rise in cancer claims from 906 claims in September 2018 to 87,832 in September 2019.

  1. India’s first e-waste clinic to be set up in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
  • The first e-waste clinic of India will be set up in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. Bhopal Municipal Corporation (BMC) and the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) have tied up to set up the clinic.

Key Points:

♦It will be formed in compliance with the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016.

♦The electronic waste will be collected door-to-door or can be deposited directly at the clinic in exchange for a fee.

♦Initially, it will be launched as a three-month pilot project and would be implemented in India, if successful.

  1. 20th annual national conference Medrecon 2020 to be held in Kochi, Kerala
  • The 20th annual national conference on health informatics Medrecon 2020 will be held in Kochi, Kerala on February 7- 8, 2020 under the theme ‘Value of Data in Health Care Ecosystem’. It will be jointly organised by the Health Informatics and Information Management Association (HIIMA), Kerala, and the Health Records Association of India (HERAI).
  • Over 700 delegates from the healthcare sector in India and abroad will participate in the event.
  • Lorraine Fernandes, president of the International Federation of Health Information Management Associations (IFHIMA) in the US will be the keynote speaker.

State

  1. Centre approves to set up Tripura’s first SEZ at Sabroom
  • The Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India (GoI) has given its approval for setting up of Tripura’s first-ever Special Economic Zone (SEZ) by Tripura Industrial Development Corporation Limited (TIDC) at Paschim Jalefa village in Sabroom with an estimated investment around Rs 1550 Crore.

Key points:

♦Rubber-based industries like tyres, surgical threads, textile and apparel industries, bamboo industries, agri-based processing units are the industries expected to be set up at the SEZ.

♦After the set up,  duty free import/domestic procurement of goods for development, operation and maintenance of SEZ units , 100 % Income Tax exemption would be provided on export income for SEZ units under Section 10 AA of the Income Tax Act for the first 5 years.In addition, 50 % exemption would be offered for the next 5 years and 50 % of the ploughed back export profit for another 5 years.

  1. Punjab govt has appointed retired justice Vinod kumar sharma as its lokpal
  • The Punjab government has appointed retired Justice Vinod Kumar Sharma as Lokpal. He succeeds Justice Satish Kumar Mittal, who resigned from the post in April 2018 and became the chairman of Haryana Human Rights Commission. He succeeds Satish Kumar Mittal.

Key points:

♦In 2010, Sharma moved to the Madras High Court after served as Punjab and Haryana high court judge from March 22, 2006 to October 26, 2010. He retired as a judge of Madras High Court in May 2013.

♦The Punjab government had earlier in July 2018 sent the name of Justice Mahatab Singh Gill to the High Court but the case has been hanging for a long time & Gill’s name was sent back by the High Court.

About Lokpal:

♦A Lokpal is an anti-corruption authority or body of ombudsman who represents the public interest in the Republic of India. The current Chairperson of Lokpal is Pinaki Chandra Ghose.

International

  1. No nuclear talks with US, unless it stops its hostile policies: North Korea
  • In a historic first, US President Donald Trump had met North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in February 2019. However, the progress expected to be made with the meeting turned stale in the following months and North Korea continued its missile tests, after briefly stopping them.
  • The Sunday’s negotiations came after North Korea yet again sea-launched a ballistic missile on October 2. The North, however, walked away from the talks, saying that it was disappointed with the lack of creative solutions provided by the US.
  • North Korea said that it has no desire to hold negotiations such as this one with the US unless it takes practical measures to end its hostile policies. The US, however, called the talks ‘good discussions’.

Business & Economy

  1. Waryam Singh, former PMC Bank Chairman arrested
  • Waryam Singh, the former Chairman of PMC Bank has been arrested by the Economic Offences Wing of the Mumbai Police. The arrest was made in connection with the irregularities detected in the cooperative bank’s functioning.
  • Waryam Singh’s arrest is the fourth arrest made in the case. Prior to that, PMC Bank’s former Managing Director, Joy Thomas was remanded to police custody till October 17.
  • The RBI was recently informed about an alleged Rs 4,355 crore worth scam at the PMC bank after the top bank restricted its services such as loan lending and also the withdrawal limit.
  • The police had previously arrested the directors of the Housing Development and Infrastructure (HDIL), Rakesh Wadhawan and his son Sarang, and his son in relation with the scam. They will be in police custody till October 9.

Appointment & Resignation

  1. Nitish Kumar re-elected as JD(U) president unopposed
  • Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar was re-elected unopposed as the President of JD(U) for another term on October 6, 2019.
  • Nitish Kumar was the only candidate for the post and he was officially declared as the party’s president after the time for withdrawal of nominations ended on October 6.
  • Nitish Kumar, the undisputed leader of JD(U), will yet again lead his party during the upcoming state assembly by-polls and the state assembly elections in 2020.
  1. UNESCO appoints Mexican actress Yalitza Aparicio as goodwill ambassador for indigenous people
  • A specialized agency of the United Nations, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) has appointed Mexican actress Yalitza Aparicio as its goodwill ambassador for indigenous people.

Key points:

♦The 25-year-old actress made history as the first indigenous performer nominated for a best actress honor at the Academy Awards this year for her performance in the film “Roma”. She will promote initiatives that claim indigenous peoples rights and that promote greater social awareness on the subject.

♦In addition, She will help the UNESCO by preserving their cultural heritage and environment knowledge and fighting for equal access to education.

♦Goodwill ambassadors are people who have an international projection talent in different fields. They are recognized for their integrity and for expressing their intention to help raise public opinion on issues related to UNESCO’s mission.

Award & Honors

  1. Novak Djokovic clinches Japan Open title, crushes Australia’s John Millman in straight sets
  • World no.1 Novak Djokovic, who had earlier pulled out of the US Open citing shoulder injury, made a great comeback by winning the Japan Open title.
  • Djokovic crushed his opponent, Australian qualifier John Millman 6-3, 6-2 in straight sets on October 6, 2019 at the Ariake Colosseum at Tokyo.
  • This was Djokovic’s first-ever Japanese tournament and he got through it without losing a single set.
  • The win marks Novak Djokovic’s tenth win in a tournament main draw debut in his entire tennis career, which includes 16 Grand Slam wins.

Science, Space & Technology

  1. NASA gets it first all electric experimental aircraft X-57 Mod II, codenamed Maxwell
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Armstrong Flight Research Center (AFRC) in Edwards, California received its first all electric experimental aircraft (X-plane) X-57 Mod II (Modification II) codenamed Maxwell from Empirical Systems Aerospace (ESAero) of San Luis Obispo, California, United States (US).

Key Points:

♦The X-57’s Mod II vehicle replaces the traditional combustion engines on a baseline Tecnam P2006T aircraft, with electric cruise motors and weighs approximately 3,000 pounds.

♦It can hit a cruising speed of 172 mph at 8,000 feet.

♦Approximately 860 pounds are its lithium-ion batteries.

♦A goal of the X-57 project is to help develop certification standards for emerging electric aircraft markets, including urban air mobility vehicles (UAMs).

  1. China launches new Gaofen-10 satellite to take high quality photos
  • China has sent the new Gaofen-10 satellite into space with a March-4C rocket developed by the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology under the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in North China’s Shanxi Province.

Key points:

♦The satellite has successfully entered the planned orbit & will start receiving pictures and other data  with a resolution of less than a metre.

♦This Gaofen-10 satellite can be used in land survey, urban planning, road network design, crop yield estimation as well as disaster relief. The images from this satellite will also help in developing greenery and formulate major national strategies such as multi-billion dollar Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).

♦It was the 314th flight mission of the Long March carrier rocket series.

Environment

  1. For the first time, researchers see individual virus formation
  • The researchers, including those from Harvard University in the United States (US) have captured images of the formation of individual viruses. The study was published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS).

Key Points:

♦It provided a detailed view of mechanism with which the particles self – assembled to form a parasite which may help to find new treatment approaches for viral diseases.

♦The viruses when formed were of 30 nanometers in diameter and had one piece of RNA (Ribo – Nucleic Acid) about 180 identical proteins.

♦The proteins arranged themselves into hexagons and pentagons to form a soccer-ball-like enveloping structure around the RNA. This formation is called capsid.

♦The technique called Interferometric Scattering Microscopy (iSCAT) was used to capture the formation process. Under the technique, the light scattered by an object created a dark spot in a larger field of light.

♦The researchers studied an RNA virus that infected the bacterium Escherichia coli (E coli) which is commonly found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms (endotherms).

Obituary

  1. American actress, singer, and model, Diahann Carroll passes away in Los Angeles, US
  • American actress, singer, and model, Diahann Carroll, who won a Golden Globe and Tony awards and was nominated for an Oscar, has passed away in Los Angeles, US (United States) due to cancer. She was 84.
  • Born on 17 July 1935, The Bronx, New York, United States, Carroll was the recipient of Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in A Television Series in 1968.
  • She was also the first black woman to win the Tony Award for best actress for her role in the Broadway musical No Strings.
  • Nominated for an Oscar for best actress in 1975 for Claudine, Carroll was modelling by the age of 15 years and was reportedly the model for one of the first black Barbie dolls.

    ATTEMPT IN HINDI

April 4, 2020

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