#1 Identify the European power from whom shivaji obtained cannons and ammunition?
He used cannons and ammunition from the Portuguese to attack the English. In June 1661, Shivaji’s soldiers plindered Rajapur and captured several Englishmen. This was payback for the english aid to Bijapur. The folowing year he captured a band of Englishmen in Surat for supplying ammunition to his enemies.
#2 The muslim adventurer who destroyed the Nalanda University was?
Muhammad bin Bhaktiyar was the military general of Qutb-din-Abak. He destroyedthe Vikramshila and Nalanda University. NU was once one of the greatestuniversities in the world before it was destroyed by Turkish leader Bakhtiyar Khilji.
#3 Painting reached its highest level of development during the reign of?
Mughal Paintings reached its Zenith during the reign of Mughal Emperor Jahangir. He patronised many great painters including Mansoou, Abul Hasan, Daswant and Basawan.
#4 Who translated Ramayana into Persian?
In 1574 Akbar started a Maktab Khana or a house of translation works in Fatehpur Sikri. He endorsed the work to a few officials to make translations of the Sanskrit books Rajatarangini, Ramayana and Mahabharata into the Persian language. In that officials, Abdul Fazi translated Ramayana into Persian.
#5 The Battle of Haldighati was fought between?
The Battle of Haldighati was a battle fought on 18 June 1576 between cavalry and archers supporting the Rana of Mewar, Maharana Pratap; and the Mughal emperor Akbar’s forces, led by Man Singh I of Amber. … The site of the battle was a narrow mountain pass at Haldighati near Gogunda in Rajasthan.