#1 When did British govt start ruling India directly?
After Sepoy Mutiny rule established in 1857, British govt. started ruling over India, Governor general became the Viceroy and Lord Canning became the last Governor General and first Viceroy.
#2 Who designed the national flag of independent India?
Gandhi first proposed a flag to the Indian National Congress in 1921. The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya. In the centre was a traditional spinning wheel, symbolising Gandhi’s goal of making Indians self-reliant by fabricating their own clothing.
#3 Who introduced permanent settlement in Bengal?
The Permanent Settlement of Bengal was brought into effect by the East India Company headed by the Governor-General Lord Cornwallis in 1793. This was basically an agreement between the company and the Zamindars to fix the land revenue.
#4 The government of India 1919 is also known as?
Government of India Act, 1919 also known as Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms which came into force in 1921 . It was instituted in the British Indian polity to introduce the Diarchy, i.e., rule of two which means executive councilors and popular ministers.
#5 Who founded home rule league in Calcutta in 1916?
Tilak founded the first home rule league at the Bombay provincial congress at Belgaum in April,1916. then after this Annie Besant founded second league at Adyar Madras in September 1916.